For nearly a century, scientists and health care providers thought that the cells of the brain, called neurons, were “hard-wired,” similar to electrical wiring on a circuit board. The common theory was that if damage occurred to those “wires,” say in the aftermath of a stroke, there wasn’t much that could be done to repair the brain.
The problem with the “hard-wired” theory was that the initial pioneers and scientists were studying the brain on individuals who were deceased. This method of thinking was akin to studying a telephone pole and making assumptions about a living tree.
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